18 October 2018
I will be analyzing the youtube video I’m Still in Swimming Lessons? | Hannah Stocking. I will be explaining the reasons behind Hannah’s (the main character) behavior and the specific topics covered in the video and connect it to issues, such as number of adults in the United states not being able to swim or having poor swimming skills, why people lie, and teaching through entertainment. This is an entertaining video for mainly young adults and teenagers. It uses modern dialogue and sports references to connect with the audience.
Teenage girls in bathing suits are lined up at the edge of the pool with the coach who is older and wearing red lifeguard shorts is talking to them about not being able to use the YMCA’s pool for the swimming lessons classes, so instead the coach is using his ex-wife’s pool. The coach then begins to call the wrong roll sheet, but then corrects himself, he calls all the girls lined up, but repeats the last person on the list, “Hannah, Hannah”(Stocking). Hannah seems to not be there, so he tells the girls to do jumping jacks and warm up. But in the middle of jumping jacks, Hannah apparently shows up in shorts and a white hoodie, with a swimming cap, goggles, a towel on her shoulders, earplugs in her ears listening to music, nose plugs, and a well dressed assistant behind her. The coach stops the jumping jacks and Hannah stops in front of the coach still listening to her music, the coach asks, “Are you Hannah?” (Stocking). She is still distracted, and says, “Ya, who else could I be”(Stocking). She says that they are going to, “do some visualization techniques” (Stocking) coach says, “You’re not ready?” (Stocking). Hannah goes off to the side to sit down and takes off her clothes to reveal a red bathing suit. The coach tells her that, “you know the cap is completely unnecessary” (Stocking). Hannah then says, “this $800 it’s limited edition, Michael Phelps signed it” (Stocking). He explains that it’s really not that necessary, and Hannah explains why she needs the cap and then explains how cool her bathing suit is and that it makes her go faster. Coach says, “We’re not going to be swimming over 5 feet today, so” (Stocking). Hannah says, “Michael Phelps is my uncle” (Stocking). She then starts to do ridiculous stretches similar to Michael Phelps’s stretches. She finishes her stretches and walks past coach to the other girls/students. The coach then walks back and instructs them to dive in the pool. All the girls do amazing dives, Hannah dives last, but when she jumps in she does a belly flop. Then while all the other students swim to the other end of the pool, Hannah gets out and walks to the other end. The coach then tells all the girls to swim to the other end. They gracefully swim to the other side, while Hannah waits to go last. She does stretches and then jumps in the pool. Hannah loses her goggles immediately and starts thrashing around in the pool looking for them. The other girls are waiting on the other side of the pool watching her, and then see her thrashing and think that she is drowning. Coach jumps in and grabs Hannah and takes her out of the water. Then immediately afterwards paramedics come rushing in, they lay her down and start doing CPR, they then think she is hallucinating, Hannah says, “Stop, Stop, I was just looking for my goggles!” (Stocking). They try to do mouth to mouth, but fail because of her bad breath. She gets up and pushes one of the paramedics into the pool. Cut to another day, Coach says,“Welcome to Tadpoles 101” (Stocking). There are a bunch of young kids at the edge of the pool standing. Coach calls role, and Hannah is there talking about her expensive cap, and starts doing stretches.
This video is taken in a backyard swimming pool where, “28% of Americans expect to swim in a home pool this summer (2014)” (American). Many of which don’t have lifeguards on duty or have skilled swimmers in them, “18% of those who are NOT able to perform all water safety skills expect to supervise a child near a pool, lake, or other body of water this summer” (American). In this situation there is a lifeguard on duty (the coach) who can swim. The students are at a higher level of swimming skills. It looks as if they have taken swimming lessons for many years and have become experts at it. “Those who report having all 5 basic safety skills are significantly more likely than those who do not have those skills to have taken professional lessons (46% vs. 32%) or taught themselves how to swim (45% vs 29%).” (American). These students are trying to improve their swimming skills, so that they can safe in the water, but also have fun, as they demonstrate when they swim a lap from one end of the pool to the other. Hannah on the other hand is an inexperienced swimmer. She represents the population of Americans that are not confident in their swimming abilities, “20% of Americans cannot swim”(American). Hannah flounders around in the water and fails to make much headway, showing her inexperience. When she finally shows her swimming ability she almost drowns herself, adding herself to the, “46% of Americans that have had a near drowning experience” (Americans). This video outlines the dangers of not knowing how to swim by comparing the abilities of both Hannah (the non-swimmer) and the students (the ones who know how to swim).
Hannah lies about her abilities in the pool. Why would she lie about such an important skill? Why doesn’t she take a lower level swimming class in the first place, “sometimes, liars hope that they can make something come true by saying it over and over, and by believing it as hard as they can” (Ley). Hannah demonstrates this perfectly by repeating to everyone that, “Michael Phelps is my uncle” (Stocking). She proceeds to show off her expensive swimming gear, assistant, clothes, etc. to prove to everyone else that she is what she is saying. You can obviously tell from the video that she is lying which makes it funny. But it does show that she believes that she can swim, but in reality she can’t. Not knowing how to swim is okay, but to Hannah she feels as if she needs to prove to everyone that she can, “The number one reason people lie when it just doesn’t matter is because they actually do think it matters. While everyone around them thinks it’s an inconsequential issue, the liar believes it is critically important” (Ley). Hannah sees herself surrounded by a bunch of expert swimmers and is in a high level swimming class and feels as if she must overextend herself in trying to convince everyone that she fits in with them or is even better than them. In the end, her lying backfires and all her hard work of convincing people that she is a great swimmer is undone when she almost drowns.
Hannah tries to use Michael Phelps as her credible source where she states that she can swim well, giving her ethos. She uses her ‘I’m a better swimmer than all of you’ attitude to convince others that she is a great swimmer, giving her pathos. And she uses her expensive swimming gear to prove that she is a dedicated swimmer who knows how to swim, giving her logos.
This video teaches viewers to not lie about their swimming abilities in a hilarious way. “Entertainment-education is defined as a communication strategy that intentionally seeks to reinforce or change attitudes, values, beliefs, or social practices by integrating educational content into entertainment productions” (Brown). By turning this concerning topic of adults not being able to swim into entertainment, teaches people to not lie about their skills because it could be dangerous. The video molds this into a entertaining story, so that the information sticks.
In the end Hannah failed in convincing others that she can swim. But the video did teach the viewer (in a entertaining way) to not lie about their skills and to influence the viewer to want to learn how to swim or at least be safe around the pool.
Rhetorical Essay Annotated Bibliography
“American Red Cross Water Safety Poll.” http://www.redcross.org, American Red Cross, 5 May 2014,
http://www.redcross.org/content/dam/redcross/enterprise-assets/pdfs/Water-Safety-Poll-2014.pdf. Accessed 11 Oct. 2018.
This is a pdf of a study conducted by the American Red Cross. It gives statistical information on swimming abilities of Americans in urban and suburb areas. It includes pie charts of what water activities people will be doing over the summer, number of people who have taken swimming lessons, whether or not people are confident in their swimming abilities, etc. I will use these statistics to explain the importance of knowing how to swim. The topic that I am researching on has swimming lessons involved with it. This source is reliable, because it was a study produced by a non profit organization called The American Red Cross. The information was gathered using a unbiased online survey.
Brown, William J. “Entertainment-Education.” Oxford Bibliographies, 27 June 2017,
This article gives me information on the topic of learning through entertainment. It gives me the definition of Entertainment-Education and tells the history of learning through entertainment. I will use parts of this article to help explain why the video exists in the first place, and why the author made a video on this topic. This source is credible because it cites other credible sources and explains the history behind learning through entertainment.
Ley, David J. “6 Reasons People Lie When They Don’t Need To.” Psychology Today, Sussex
Publishers, 23 Jan. 2017, http://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/women-who-stray/
201701/6-reasons-people-lie-when-they-don-t-need. Accessed 11 Oct. 2018.
This article explains why people lie. It gives an explanation of the 6 most common reasons to lie. It talks about pathological liars and tries to understand why people lie. I will use this article to help me explain why the swimmer in the video lies about her abilities. I will evaluate her body language, clothing, and her lies. Then will connect the points made in the article to my analysis of her and why she is lying to the people around her. This article is reliable due to it being written by a clinical psychologist with a Ph.D. and was published on a psychological study website, which is usually peer reviewed by other psychologists before being published.
Stocking, Hannah, director. I’m Still in Swimming Lessons? | Hannah Stocking. YouTube,
YouTube, 19 July 2018, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rz25tn4hPik. Accessed 11 Oct. 2018.
This is the video that I will analyzing for this essay.
Wiseman, Miles. “Simple Step by Step Guide on How to Save Someone Who Is Drowning.” Swimmer’s Daily, Swimmer’s Daily, 12 Feb. 2014, http://www.swimmersdaily.com/2014/02/12/simple-step-by-step-guide-on-how-to-save-someone-who-is-drowning/. Accessed 18 Oct. 2018.
This is a image that I will use for the featured image.