“You Are What You Eat”
Obesity in the United States became a huge problem since early 1960s. Over 78 million adults and about 13 million children deal with the consequences of obesity. The National Institutes of Health have shown recent studies between 1962 to 2006 obesity doubled, causing an increase from 13.4 percent to 35.1 percent within the ages of 20- 74 (American Heart Association). What is obesity? According to the Obesity Society, “it is defined as excess adipose tissues (Obesity).” In other words, it is a condition associated with having extra body fat. Body Mass Index or (BMI) is a tool used to measure body mass to determine if a person is overweight or not. In order to be considered to be obese, the body mass must be 30 or higher. The main cause of this disease is by consuming more calories than the recommended daily calorie intake. When a person consumes more calories than they are able to burn, by not having a daily exercise routine increases the risk of getting serious health issues. However, there are simple health solutions to reduce the risk of getting chronic health problems. Nutrition is an important factor for healthier living than suffering from the consequences of obesity.
The number one main cause of obesity today is having poor nutritional lifestyle choices. The absence of proper nutritional practices not only leads to obesity but also the foundation to other chronic health problems. Nutrition is the science that studies food and how food nourishes our body and influences our health (nutrition 2). Obesity in America is due to the lack of nutritional practices such as unhealthy eating habits and the lack of exercise. In taking a large amount of processed or fast foods, drinking lots of alcohol, and drinks containing high amounts of sugar are all examples of unhealthy eating habits. Lack of physical activity is another important role that leads to obesity. The lack of physical activity results to the body not being able to use the energy that it is receiving from the nutrients and therefore storing the extra nutrients as fat.
Nutrition has many benefits for a healthier lifestyle this includes drinking lots of water, eating fruits and vegetables, daily exercise, and lastly a good night’s sleep have been proven to improve one’s health greatly. With these nutritional steps, the body will be able to have more energy and reduces the risk for chronic health issues. In order to receive energy Harvard Medical School recommended eating small, frequent meals per day (health.harvard). This helps reduce the feeling of sluggishness and tiredness from hours without consuming any food. By taking in fruits and vegetables it feeds the brain the proper fuel from the nutrients in the food to receive energy. This would also help prevent overeating larger meals. Consuming large meals in one sitting will cause the body to have an increase of blood sugar or insulin inflammation. Insulin inflammation referrers to when the body undergoes a sudden spike of blood sugar causing high energy levels then rapidly dropping after a short period of time.
Is the idea of healthy food is more expensive than junk food? Studies conducted at the Department of Epidemiology at HSPH stating that for the recommended amount for calorie intake for adults; yes, it is more expensive to purchase healthier food diet than to buy unhealthy foods (Harvard). To have a healthier food diet such as fruits and vegetables it will cost about one dollar and fifty cents more than choosing unhealthy foods such as processed foods. Overall because of this people are able to purchase more processed foods for a cheaper cost than purchasing less healthy foods at a more expensive cost. However, with all these studies about how healthier foods are more expensive than unhealthy foods, is it really worth grabbing a dessert over a fruit? Obesity comes with a lifetime of chronic health issues and constant hospital visits that the cost will drastically increase in the end and is the biggest healthcare problem in the United States. The State of Obesity estimated the cost range to be around $147 billion to $210 billion a year for healthcare (stateofobesity). This shows by choosing chips, or cake over a fruit or vegetable is more expensive in the end. Paying that extra amount for the healthier food diet will pay off, because a person will have the nutrients needed to keep the body from collapsing.
Having a nutritional lifestyle including in taking large amounts of fruits and vegetables, drinking lots of water, and most importantly having a daily exercise routine is the healthier choose than having a nonnative lifestyle eating processed foods every day. It has proven that having a daily exercise routine helps reduce the risk for many chronic health problems. Daily exercise strengthen bones and muscles resulting in the reducing arthritis, also the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention state, “ daily physical activity improves mood, mental health, and increase chances to living a longer healthier life (cdc)”. A diabetic health coach, Lauren Bongiorno gives the best advice for her clients is to “become the student and teacher of your own body (bongiorno)”.
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