What would someone have to do to change your opinion on something?
Intro to Arguments
Language is an art form. Here is the Wikipedia definition of Rhetoric.
Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.
Aristotle’s definition of rhetoric
“The faculty of observing, in any given case, the available means of persuasion“
Ethos: Appeals to Ethics, Credibility or Character. Ethics, ethical, trustworthiness or reputation, style/tone. The credibility of the speaker persuades.
Pathos: Appeals to Emotion. Emotional or imaginative impact, stories, values. Uses emotional response to persuade an audience.
Logos: Appeals to logic. Persuade by reason and evidence.
Reflect on your own literacy narrative. Answer these questions.
- What did you do well? Explain.
- What did you struggle with? Explain.
- What grade do you think you deserve and why? Justify your answer.
A solution argument is a research argument that is arguing for a solution to a problem. For example, instead of arguing that abortion is bad, we would argue for solutions to abortion. How can we help people have less abortions? This does some good in the world.
The Danger of a Single Story
Novelist Chimamanda Adichie tells a story about how she found her authentic voice and warns against a single story.
Where did she use Ethos, Logos, and Pathos? How persuasive is she?
Past Important Issues
We can all remember a time when we were discussing an important issue and our words came out wrong. Later, we can often compose a perfect argument in our heads and wish we could go back in time and express our point clearly.
Think of a time where you failed to express your point clearly. What happened and how can you fix it? What is that your claims were unclear or unsupported?
Imagine you can go back in time and fix these memories by inserting better logic and more evidence wherever you were lacking.
Write for a few minutes and make a stronger, clearer argument.
What is the point of this assignment? What can we learn from this?
Euphemism and Dysphemism
Eu means good or well. Dys means Poor. Phemism means said.
The way your phrase something affects the meaning that is understood.
Think of words that mean the same thing, but one is well said and one is poorly said. What are some words that have been rephrased in your field or job to sound better. What are some job titles that have changed over time?
- Pre-owned vs. Used
- Inexpensive vs. Cheap
- Server or Waiter
What problem are you interested in researching and finding a solution?