MLA In-Text

MLA Style Manual Handbook

MLA: In-Text Citations (8th edition, 2016) Video

How would you cite this page in-text in MLA?

How would you cite it if their was no visible author? If it had two authors? If it had three authors?

MLA Works Cited

Video MLA Style: Lost of Works Cited (8th Edition, 2016)

MLA Style 8th edition quick guide

Cite this web page as a works cited entry. 

Peer Editing

Check their citations. Do they look correct? Are they missing any citations?

Peer edit the same way you revise your own work. Pay attention to global issues first. Don’t worry about grammar or sentence structure yet. Focus on improving and clarifying the ideas. 

Be specific in identifying problems or opportunities. Explain what the problem you see if. Avoid vague language like “awkward.” Explain what it is that is awkward and give suggestions for how to improve. 

Offer suggestions for improvement. If they are not mentioning a major counterargument, suggest it for them to address. If a point is unclear, explain how they can clarify it. 

Praise what is genuinely good in the paper. No false praise. If you like a particular point or passage, let them know. 

Use proofreading symbols, if you know them. Otherwise, mark up the paper directly so that they will have a reference from which to revise their work. 

Keep comments tactful. Treat other’s work as you would like to have your efforts treated. Stay on topic and don’t be mean or harsh, that is not productive. 

Vibrant Sentences

Pick either the introduction or the conclusion to revise. Work on adding vibrant language to the paragraph. Experiment with rhetorical deviceslike:

  • Parallelism – refers to using elements in sentences that are grammatically similar or identical in structure, sound, meaning, or meter. This technique adds symmetry, effectiveness and balance to the written piece. Read more at
  • Repetition – is when words or phrases are repeated. Used to create rhythm and bring attention to an idea. Examples
  • Rhetorical Questions – a question asked in order to create a dramatic effect or to make a point rather than to get an answer. Read more
  • Analogy – a comparison between two things, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
  • Metaphor –  is a figure of speech which makes an implicit, implied or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated but share some common characteristics.


Annoying as nails on a chalkboard.


There are plenty of fish in the sea.


Shall I compare thee to a Summer’s day?


The beautiful sunset.

The sun doesn’t actually set, we rotate away from it on our globe and it only appears that way. 


After you have revised your own intro or conclusion get together with a partner or two and read your paragraph to them. Reading out loud helps with speaking in vibrant sentences. 

If you do not have any rhetorical devices or are having trouble, read the paragraph to your partners and they can help you with suggestions. 

Think of different ways to deliver this paragraph to your audience. What would make it more effective? What will make them agree with you? What will get their attention?

Don’t be boring! Get creative and be considerate of others. Take turns reading out loud and help each other by sharing ideas. 

Using Rhetoric


  • Research
  • Unbiased


  • Emotional
  • Storytelling
  • So What?


  • Logical
  • History
  • Facts
  • Statistics
  • Evidence
  • Authority/Pros
  • Background
  • Include the Conversation


Audience is the most important thing to consider when making an argument. To argue effectively you need to have a very clear idea of who the audience is.

Who is your audience?

What do they value?

Are your reasons in line with those values?

“I Have a Dream” Speech

Martin Luther King Jr. gave one of the best speeches in history. How does he develop his ethos? How does he use appeals to emotion and logic to get us to see his perspective. How does he persuade us to see the truth he knows? 

Write down some examples of ethos, logos, and pathos from the speech. 

Quick Write

What changes are you going to make to revise your solution?