Quick Write

What is a lesson we can learn from the pages we read today or the novel as a whole?

The Future

Lets take a few minutes and imagine what the future has in store for us. 

Masterpiece Comics

Re-imagine this book as a comic book. What comic book would it be? What superheroes would Mayor and Maribel be? Who would be the villain? What comic villain would they be? What comic book themes would we need to address? What are their super powers?

In groups of two or three, take a few minutes and come up with a list of comic superheroes and villains that would work for the novel. 

  • Mayor Toro
  • Maribel Rivera
  • Alma Rivera
  • Arturo Rivera
  • Celia Toro
  • Rafael Toro
  • Garrett 

In-Text Citations

Purdue OWL does a great job explaining how to cite sources in MLA. 

In-Text Citation Basics

You will be citing from the book in your essay. It is important that we learn how to do it correctly. 

After Quisqueya tells the Riveras about Mayor and Maribel, she says, “I’m Sorry” (Henriquez 202). Even though she says she is sorry, she really is not. She came to tell them because it was gossip not because she felt the need to do the right thing. She told them because it gives her a dark satisfaction to know something and to be the one to break the bad news. 

If you were citing something a book or article with one author, you just cite the last name of the author and the page number. If you do not have a page number, say an online article or web page, you just cite the last name of the author and no page number. 

“I’m Sorry” (Henriquez 202).

Once you have established what or who you are citing, you only need to cite the page number. 

After Quisqueya tells the Riveras about Mayor and Maribel, she says, “I’m Sorry” (202). Even though she says she is sorry, she really is not. She came to tell them because it was gossip not because she felt the need to do the right thing. She told them because it gives her a dark satisfaction to know something and to be the one to break the bad news. 

To cite something with two authors, you cite both the last names. 

The authors claim that surface reading looks at what is “evident, perceptible, apprehensible in texts” (Best and Marcus 9).

Best and Marcus argue that one should read a text for what it says on its surface, rather than looking for some hidden meaning (9).

If you have a text you are citing with three or more authors, you only cite the first author’s last name with et al. and the page number. 

According to Franck et al., “Current agricultural policies in the U.S. are contributing to the poor health of Americans” (327). The authors claim that one cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies (Franck et al. 327).

The in-text citations reference the first thing written for the source in the works cited page.

If you do not know the author, either isn’t listed or can’t find it, you cite a shortened version of the title in quotation marks.

If I was citing the article “Friends or Strangers: The Impact of Immigrants on the US Economy” and it did not have an author listed, you cite a shortened version of the title.

According to the article “Friends or Strangers: The Impact of Immigrants on the US Economy,”Legislation informed by racist and sexist discourse has in the past and present severely challenged the survival and well-being of immigrant families” (32).

Immigrants struggle in the novel because “Legislation informed by racist and sexist discourse has in the past and present severely challenged the survival and well-being of immigrant families” (“Friends and Strangers” 32).

Borjas, George J. “Friends or Strangers: The Impact of Immigrants on the US Economy.” (1990).

Homework

  • Finish the novel.