Have you ever walked outside and took a deep breath and realized that the air smells a little funky, or you take a walk to the park and see trash on the floor, or maybe even see a dying tree. This might be the cause of pollution. Pollution is a worldwide problem we humans cause. We do things and think twice about it, or even look back at all those horrible stuff we did. For many years we always dump our trash on the street or throw away plastics on the ocean. Everywhere we go we see trash on grass, streets, and pretty much everywhere. There will be trash next to the trash can and never inside of it. We also have had many problems with air pollutions. The stuff we breathe in really important to our body. Also the soil needs to be kept in good condition in order to grow healthy vegetables. We can all help reduce pollution by stop using cars to help the air so we can breathe more better, don’t litter on the floor or ocean, and help the soil from bad vegetable.

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Air pollution can be very harmful to you and the environment. A way to help reduce air pollution is to not use cars. Cars and othermotor vehicle can be very dangerous to the air. According to the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) it is estimated that one third of air pollution is caused by on-road cars. Cars produce nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide which produces a significant amount of pollution. “Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is a predominantly NOx emission control technology in diesel-engine vehicles” (Mohammadi & Malayeri 706). Driving cars pollutes the air making the air more and more filthy. “EGR flow deprives the combustion from a portion of oxygen of the fresh air by introducing cooled exhaust gas, which is lower in oxygen, into the intake system, thereby reducing the combustion temperature and lowering NOx production” (Mohammadi & Malayeri 706). Pollution towards air is very unhealthy for our lungs. In order to reduce air pollution we can all use bikes. It might sound silly but using a bike can help reduce the NOx and carbon monoxide in the air. If we pitch in and use more of our bikes and less of our cars, that one third can drop to a 20%, or even 10%. Bring down those numbers mean that we can breath in more better air. Breathing the same filthy air can cause lung cancer. “It has also been suggested that air pollution may be a cause of lung cancer” (Chiu et al 1026). “Lung cancer is the second leading cause of cancer mortality for males and and the leading cause for females” (Chiu et al 1025). If every human used there bikes and less with their cars than lung cancer wouldn’t be a big problem to everyone.

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Littering is just as worse than air pollution. The more we litter the more chance of global warming increases. We know that global warming can be very dangerous. “When people litter, wild animals suffer, get injured, become ill, and die each year due to human carelessness with litter and pollution” (LaPointe). Littering can kill many harmless animals. When we litter, it goes down to the ocean, killing the fish and poor seagulls. A solution for this is pick up the waste from the shore of the beach to help the animals. “In order to calculate the water quality index, Horton proposed in 1965 the first formula which takes into account all parameters necessary for determining the quality of surface waters and which reflects the composite influence of different parameters important for the assessment and management of water quality” (Dunca 3). This explains that how we can check the quality of water if it’s contaminated or not. This device makes it very useful to use as it takes very well care for our environment, like the ocean for example. As you can recall back, plastic can kill fishes and etc… but this water quality monitor can see if anyone or anybody has dumped oil in our ocean. We are putting a huge risk to our environment by dumping all our trash in the ocean, or even burning it up to make the air more hard for us humans to breath. Always keep the water safe and clean then we wouldn’t have to worry about the sea creatures all dieing.

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Soil pollution (also called soil contamination) is part of our everyday thing. For example, we need the soil to grow really healthy plants for it to look nice and good, and most importantly we need food. With terrible soil we can’t eat it and we could get sick because it is contaminated. “A problem presented by contaminated land is that the majority of sites are tainted by a cocktail of toxicants whose interactive effects are poorly understood” (Galay-burgos et al 229). This  describes how the soil can be very contaminated where are food we eat is no longer food and it’s considered dead and not great. To avoid most of all this mess we should buy metal bottles instead of plastic bottles, because the plastic ones will cause more problem to the environment. A great solution to this is to always recycle and reuse for our soils to be better. “Poultry facilities harbour and shed bacteria, parasites, and viruses, some of which are pathogenic to humans, livestock, domestic animals, and wildlife” (Arief Ismail). Stating the matter of poor crops with full of bacteria is very harmful and can kill you. Hopefully there can be more loving people who knows how to take care of the world more better, so we can live in a healthy society. Where we can live longer than the average lifespan.

We can all do our best and keep the air, water, and soils clean. For better lungs and clear air we shouldn’t use the car as much as we can. Or if we see plastic water bottles by the shore, pick it up and throw it in the recycle. In order for our soil to be healthy we should pick up any plastic bottles. If we all contributed to helping our world, we would have a peaceful life that would last forever.

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Works Cited

Arief Ismail, Shoieb A., et al. “Evaluation of Biochar Soil Amendments in Reducing Soil and Water Pollution from Total and Fecal Coliforms in Poultry Manure.” Canadian Biosystems Engineering, vol. 58, Jan. 2016, pp. 1.21-1.31. EBSCOhost, doi:10.7451/CBE.2016.58.1.21.

Chiu, Hui-Fen, et al. “Outdoor Air Pollution and Female Lung Cancer in Taiwan.” Inhalation Toxicology, vol. 18, no. 13, Dec. 2006, pp. 1025-1031. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/08958370600904561.

Dunca, Andreea-Mihaela. “Water Pollution and Water Quality Assessment of Major Transboundary Rivers from Banat (Romania).” Journal of Chemistry, 05 Mar. 2018, pp. 1-8. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1155/2018/9073763.

Galay-burgos, M., et al. “Developing a New Method for Soil Pollution Monitoring Using Molecular Genetic Biomarkers.” Biomarkers, vol. 8, no. 3/4, May-Aug2003, p. 229. EBSCOhost, chaffey.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=10665539&site=ehost-live.

Mohammadi, Koorosh and M. Reza Malayeri. “Model-Based Performance of Turbulence Induced Structures in Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Coolers.” Heat Transfer Engineering, vol. 36, no. 7/8, May 2015, pp. 706-714. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/01457632.2015.954949.

Olivia LaPointe.How Does Littering Affect the Environment? https://prezi.com/11yqdzv-6trm/how-does-littering-affect-the-environment/