Depression is a common but serious mental illness that can affect anyone. The cause of depression may be due to traumatic events or family events. Being depressed is different than being sad like being sad because your favorite team lost, or you failed the test you studied hard for and then get over it the next hour or day or so. Depression is to a point where a person might lose the interest of their hobbies they used to enjoy, isolate themselves from friends and family, lose the energy to do things and may lose their appetite. Although it’s a very common disease, people don’t take it seriously as it should be. People may see someone who is depressed is just being sad and they’ll get over it, lazy, it’s all in their head. There are many misconceptions about depression that needs to be settled and said.  The article “Depression” by William G. Crary and Gerald C. Crary, Depression is affection by millions of Americans annually, but about 30 thousand of them have been recognized and been treated with it. The solutions to help someone who has depression is to offer moral support, never ignore when they talk about suicide and have people be more aware of depression such as educating them.

Three out of five percent of children and adolescents are affected by depression. It can negatively affect the growth and development, school performance, peer or family relationships and can lead to suicide (Bharta and Subhash). Adults and children are both the same way except symptoms may be a little different depending on the developmental stage and they might have a hard time expressing their mood (Bharta and Subhash). About 15 percent of children and adolescent have symptoms of depression and more about 70% of the children and adolescents do not receive the proper treatment and diagnosis, some of the possible reasons can be is that due to the stigma attached to the disorder, an atypical presentation, the lack of appropriate child mental health care professionals and the limited numbers of child psychiatrists and the inequality of mental health care insurance. This clearly shows that children and adolescents do experience depression but is not as taken seriously as it should be. Some may mistake an adolescent’s depression of being “just a phase”. Parents need to acknowledge whenever their child is doing okay and to feel like they can talk to them whenever they need it. Younger people should be able to open up to their parents or acknowledge something might be going on. Also, there should be more people with experts who are able to have better treatments for children and adolescents. 

The percentage of older adults ages 65 and older who suffer from depression is an estimate about 15% to 19%. It can affect them in any setting but is yet to be unrecognizable or untreated (Cahoon 23).  Older people tend to experience losses than young people, they often struggle with many losses such as losing a significant other, health, friends, independence, etc. The symptoms in older adults can manifest in many ways, they can either demand help or just become socially withdrawn (24). Some may develop memory problems and begin to appear confused. Studies have shown that intervention emphasizing has increased physical and social activity led to “significantly lower severity and greater remission” Another study has shown that providing patients with social visits and physical and non-physical activities  (25). With this being said that older adults can also be depressed and even though they are a little older, they can still have the same treatment by not having any other treatment. I feel as if there should be more ways to help someone who is older to be able to help older adults to feel better.

Although depression can happen to anybody, it is different depending on the gender.  Every culture, ethnicity, and country is believed that women are twice more likely to experience depression than men ( Hoekesma 173). They are more common in women by 21.3% with men being only 12.7%. Studies have shown that girls are more than boys to evidence depression in childhood, but by the age of 13, the rate of girls who have depression can increase while boys either stay the same or just decrease (173). By the time they are in their late adolescence, the chances of girls of developing depression than boys would increase. The reason behind may that women are more likely to experience to depression is because traumatic events that have experienced. Hoekesma stated that due to women’s lack of social power, it would make them more vulnerable than men to specific trauma events, particularly sexual abuse. Trauma can trigger the depression by them making feel weak, are not able to control their life and may get stressed out. Sexual assault can also be the causes because women are more likely to be the victims of sexual assault than men and those who have a history of sexual assault are more likely to have depression. The problem is that we need more proper help for those who have experienced traumatic events, when someone saids they have suffered to take them seriously.

People with depression suffer a lot. Just because they say they are fine, they usually are not. The topic may not always be the easiest to talk about, it can help those who are suffering and just want the help. They probably may not open up to you at first.  It can make a difference if someone were to help someone and be able to support the person so there will be no harm. The topic should be taken seriously whether it’s during a social event, family gathering, school,  workplace, anywhere.  Also everyone should be at least educated on depression and have better resources for those who suffer from it. The National Insitute of Mental Health suggests that to continue treatment if doing so and try to stay active. To help a friend and loved one, is to offer support, patience and more encouragement and to never ignore any suicide comments and to report to a therapist or hospital. Helping a person with depression can help save their lives and will prevent you from losing your loved ones.

Work Cited

Bhatia, Shashi K, and Subhash K Bhatia. “American Family Physician.” Children and Adolescent Depression, vol. 75, no. One, 1 Jan. 2007.

Cahoon, Cynthia G. “Depression in Older Adults.” The American Journal of Nursing, vol. 112, no. 11, 2012, pp. 22–31. JSTOR, JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/23461172.

Crary, William G., and Gerald C. Crary. “Depression.” The American Journal of Nursing, vol. 73, no. 3, 1973, pp. 472–475. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3422708.

“Depression Basics.” National Institute of Mental Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression/index.shtml.

Nolen-Hoeksema, Susan. “Gender Differences in Depression.” Current Directions in Psychological Science, vol. 10, no. 5, 2001, pp. 173–176. JSTOR, JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/20182732.

Pawar, Dnyaneshwar P. “A Study of Spiritual Intelligence, Depression and Anxiety among Undergraduate Students.” Indian Journal of Health & Wellbeing, vol. 9, no. 3, Mar. 2018, pp. 459-463. EBSCOhost, chaffey.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=129285056&site=ehost-live.