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Nikki Garcia
Professor Ramos
December 13, 2018

The Monster that Never Goes Hungry

Human trafficking has been around for ages. Women and children have been used as cash cows by traffickers or brothel owners who forcefully sell their bodies in exchange for money. Many victims are exposed to countless sexual transmitted diseases (STD’s), mental/physical abuse, and much more from being trafficked. However, are traffickers the only ones to blame? Indeed, they are guilty for pimping out women to strange men and children to pedophiles in order to receive a source of income, but how have they been getting away with it for so long? The laws within the United States strictly prohibit any form of human trafficking, however, modern slavery has been thriving immensely throughout the world… According to human trafficking experts, their studies show that, “Within the next 10 years, crime experts expect human trafficking to surpass drug and arms trafficking in its incidence, cost to human well‐being, and profitability to criminals” (Schauer and Wheaton, 2006: 164–165). So why are trafficking rates showing emxpenecial growth and who exactly is letting it happen?
Sex trafficking occurs throughout the entire world, affecting millions every day. “Estimates suggest that every year 1 to 2 million women, men and children are trafficked worldwide” (S. Huda). That number is only growing. Women and children are repeatedly raped and tortured on a daily basis by their traffickers who obtain business from men looking to have a “good time”. They are often addicted to drugs given to them by their captors in order to further immobilize them into submission. Due to their crippling environment, victims of sex trafficking willingly take these drugs in order to give them even the smallest sense of relief. Others are auctioned off onto private buyers who seek to purchase their own personal slaves. It is impossible to know what happens to these victims upon being purchased. Young boys and girls are especially sought after by pedophiles. Many psychologists report that almost all sex trafficked survivors that have been rescued from brothels will never be the same again. Their traumatic experiences will forever scar them even after being freed from slavery. Innumerable lives have been lost because of modern slavery, even before death.
Exactly 153 years ago today, the illustrious leaders of this country sought to completely redefine what it means to be an American. An American transcends the social quota, free of persecution, prejudice, and most of all, a human being with the right to unbridled autonomy. Nevertheless, here we are, 153 years later and this monster hasn’t left. One significant piece from Monster Culture alludes to this ideology of a recurrent societal, economic, and oppressive evil. From this angle it can be understood how slavery has evolved over the centuries and the several forms in which it has disguised itself. Around the late 19th-century, America bared witness to an inherent evil within man: the oppression of man by man, a monster within that is quick to persecute and psychologically manipulate. This difference in man has been alive since the colonization of New England and beyond. The oppression of man began to ripen and flourish when “Native Americans were presented as unredeemable savages so that the powerful political machine of Manifest Destiny could push westward with disregard” (Cohen). This was only the beginning of a psychological movement to instill fear in the “inferior”. Political, religious and economic prowess gave colonizers the ability to manipulate inhabitants’ thinking. Allowing them to become victims to illogical, immoral categorization by the white man. Ultimately, the evolution of this psychological and physical abuse by man has followed us in today’s world. Theses II and IV attest to this. Specifically, monster theory elaborates on how man was able to represent “an anterior culture as monstrous justifies its displacement or extermination”, when in reality the monster is man itself. Man different from other man who are able to suppress their inner evil, which is largely fueled by political and economic aspiration. Over these last two centuries, the real monster has vanished and returned several times through a new window of opportunity. From the subjugation of Native Americans, to Jim Crow, and a even a modern form of global organized slavery. The question that presents itself is how did this come about; rather, the question we should be asking ourselves is why is this business flourishing? The answer to that is that the inherent evil in man is still living, only it has returned in a new form as previously stated. This control tactic is exactly the one that was used over a century ago to enslave hundreds of thousands. Women are still being categorized as inferior to the testosterone enraged sex, making them an easy target for psychological and physical abuse. Many countries with high trafficking rates don’t even have the curtesy of “turning a blind eye”, but rather acknowledge trafficking as something common, and a part of their culture. “Traffickers in human beings use force, fraud, and coercion to exploit and profit from the forced labor and servitude of men, women, and children in settings such as brothels, factories, agriculture, fishing, and mining. Human trafficking is now recognized as a global challenge that requires a global response and most countries have joined as parties to key international instruments designed to prevent and suppress human trafficking, and punish human traffickers. However, effective prevention, enforcement of laws, and protection and assistance envisioned for victims of human trafficking are not a reality in many countries” (Sigmond). Because of the way these society’s perceive women, brothel owners and traffickers are not seen as the true predators they are and will continue to operate with no consequences. These countries have not created or enforced any laws upon sex trafficking whatsoever, which is why their rates will only continue to increase. Millions of women and children are subject to stay in such cruel and inhumane environments because of the negligence of their own societies.
The amount of poverty within several countries that have high trafficking rates also plays an important roll in the criminal industry. “Human smuggling and trafficking have been among the fastest growing forms of transnational crime because current world conditions have created increased demand and supply. The supply exists because globalization has caused increased economic and demographic disparities between the developing and developed world, along with the feminization of poverty and the marginalization of many rural communities” (Shelley). Poor and impoverished women have become victims of manipulation and dominance. Without income, women are left in the hands of organized criminals who seek to objectify and harbor them as their own property. Many are forced to work as prostitutes in order to provide for their families. “Recently, growing concern about violence against women worldwide has put “trafficking” on the international agenda, and its connection with the sex industry, bonded and exploitative labor, HIV/AIDS and other forms of human rights violations has added urgency to global anti‐trafficking efforts, particularly in Asia. Asia is seen as the most vulnerable region for human trafficking because of its huge population pyramid, growing urbanization, and ever‐present poverty” (S. Huda). For some, the need for income is so great, that even children have become obligated to provide for their families. Emily Gozdziak, a reporter and investigator on cases of human trafficking, recounts four adolescent girls who were trafficked together. They were forced to work in the same bar and, “the girls with kinship ties to their ‘employers’ were treated very differently than those who can not claim such a relationship; could keep the money they earned, and could send some of their income to their families, and were given prettier clothing.” (Gozdziak). Unfortunately, a large portion of sex trafficking victims wind up in the industry as a last resort to making ends meet.
In conclusion, sex trafficking throughout the world is a monster itself. The criminal industry, however, can not operate without the assistance of causal factors such as; poverty, sexism, and globalization. Some countries have initiated a stop towards human trafficking, only to push traffickers into relocating to areas in which have not. Men use women and children in poverty stricken areas to further their ‘buisnesses’ and utilize their benefits from governments who could not care less about brothels within their own communities. As the demand for sex slaves increase, so will the supply in one place or another. The monster who has resided in the world for too long, has been identified, but not yet defeated. Until these causes of human trafficking is addressed in every country throughout the world, the monster will only continue feed from its resources. Cutting it off completely is the only solution.

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ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Louise Shelley, Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective. George Mason University. Cambridge University Press. New York, 2010.
(https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=XY8uJoYkNBsC&oi=fnd&pg=PR2&dq=culture+in+human+trafficking&ots=MDFtZk8LYz&sig=rXsc5TL-aLilvoC58AliH3iuQm4#v=onepage&q=culture%20in%20human%20trafficking&f=false)
I used this source to help me gain a better perspective on the globalized aspects of human trafficking, as this ismy main topic I’ve decided to write on. This source is scholarly and one hundred percent reliable. The author herself has extensive knowledge on human trafficking in today’s world and gathered important information concerning the issue through many reliable sources and colleagues. I found it very helpful in my research.

Jefferey Jerome Cohen. Monster Culture: Seven Thesis.
(http://www.englishwithtuttle.com/uploads/3/0/2/6/30266519/cohen_monster_culture__seven_theses__3-20.pdf)

This source was immensely helpful with my causal analysis and helped me understand different aspects of monsters. Citing Cohen’s “Monster Culture” was also necessary for my report because it is a requirement. I believe this is a scholarly source.

Elizabeth M. Wheaton Edward J. Schauer Thomas V. Galli, Economics of Human Trafficking. The Authors Journal Compilation. July 2010.

(https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1468-2435.2009.00592.x)
I used this source because it was helpful to my research on the economic perspective on human trafficking and included details of its ever so growing rate in today’s world, which was necessary in my report. It backed up my claims and gave me a better idea on how it has been a crucial factor in modern slavery. This source is also very reliable, as I stumbled upon it while using Google Scholar.