Reflect on your own report. Answer these questions.
- What did you do well? Explain.
- What did you struggle with? Explain.
- What grade do you think you deserve and why? Justify your answer.
What would someone have to do to change your opinion on something?
What is an Argument?
Claims, reasons, and evidence.
An argument is a reason or set of reasons given with the aim of persuading others that an action or idea is right or wrong.
Reasons + evidence in support of your over all claim. Mainly relying on reason and logic.
Intro to Arguments
Language is an art form. Here is the Wikipedia definition of Rhetoric.
Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.
Aristotle’s definition of rhetoric
“The faculty of observing, in any given case, the available means of persuasion“
Ethos: Appeals to Ethics, Credibility or Character. Ethics, ethical, trustworthiness or reputation, style/tone. The credibility of the speaker persuades.
Pathos: Appeals to Emotion. Emotional or imaginative impact, stories, values. Uses emotional response to persuade an audience.
Logos: Appeals to logic. Persuade by reason and evidence.
Slaughter “Why Women Still Can’t Have it All”
The Slaughter article was published in The Atlantic.
Take 3 minutes and find something you had a question about or wanted to talk about from the Slaughter article.
Let’s figure out what argument she is making. What appeals is she using?
The Danger of a Single Story
Novelist Chimamanda Adichie tells a story about how she found her authentic voice and warns against a single story.
Where did she use Ethos, Logos, and Pathos? How persuasive is she?
A solution argument is a research argument that is arguing for a solution to a problem. For example, instead of arguing that abortion is bad, we would argue for solutions to abortion. How can we help people have less abortions? This does some good in the world.
What is an important problem that would benefit from research?