How have your beliefs been shaped from birth?
Write for 2 minutes.
What is Critical Thinking?
Quality of Thinking, Quality of Life
Critical thinking, in a rich sense of the term, is self-guided disciplined thought that attempts to reason at the highest level of quality in a fairminded way.
From our textbook.
Critical comes from the Greek word krinein, meaning “to separate, to choose”; above all, it implies conscious inquiry (4).
Conscious also means to be awake or aware. This suggests that by examining our reasoning, we can understand the basis of our judgments and decisions – ultimately, so that we can make better ones.
According to Google:
Critical Thinking – the objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment.
According to our textbook, to think critically, you must question not only the beliefs and assumptions of others, but also one’s own beliefs and assumptions (5).
- Identify important problems.
- Explore relevant issues.
- Evaluate available evidence.
- Consider the implications of the decisions.
Critical thinking is NOT collecting information to support established conclusion.
- Survey, considering as many perspectives as possible.
- Analyze, identifying and then separating out the parts of the problem.
- Evaluate, judging the merit of various ideas, claims, and evidence.
Why is it important?
Issue: Gay Marriage Licenses
In a 2015 case from Kentucky, Kim Davis refused to begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
Who has a say in the matter? What is affected by this issue?
Let’s work on the first questions on page 8.
Identifying and Examining Assumptions
What assumptions do you see in this issue?
What is Integrity?
Integrity: 1. adherence to moral and ethical principles; soundness of moral character; honesty 2. the state of being whole, entire, or undiminished.
What does it mean to be a person of integrity? Are you a person of integrity?
Integrity and Hypocrisy
What is hypocrisy?
Hypocrisy: the practice of claiming to have moral standards or beliefs to which one’s own behavior does not conform; pretense.
Member of the Pro-Life Caucus
Identify weaknesses in your thinking.
- What do I truly know?
- Are my prejudices and biases influencing my thinking?
- What beliefs have I accepted without critical thinking?
Intro to Research
Scholarly research is research that is published by people with specialized knowledge on what they are researching. It is peer reviewed, reviewed by other researchers and specialist in the field, and is generally trustworthy. Blogs, Newspapers, Magazines are not Scholarly but are popular sources.
ProCon.org No subscription needed. Good place to look at the main issues around a topic.
Occupational Outlook Handbook The OOH can help you find career information on duties, education and training, pay, and outlook for hundreds of occupations.
Google Scholar Google academic database search. Great place to start.
You can use the college library to find scholarly/academic research journals that publish articles, reviews, and research. Here is the Chaffey Library’s article research help page. It includes a video and how to find articles.
What problem are you writing about? Do not assume that the problem is real! Question your assumptions and find proof from a reliable source.
What do you need to research? What keywords would help you?
What do you know about the topic?