What is Integrity?
Integrity: 1. adherence to moral and ethical principles; soundness of moral character; honesty 2. the state of being whole, entire, or undiminished.
What does it mean to be a person of integrity? Are you a person of integrity?
Integrity and Hypocrisy
What is hypocrisy?
Hypocrisy: the practice of claiming to have moral standards or beliefs to which one’s own behavior does not conform; pretense.
Member of the Pro-Life Caucus
Chp. 2 Critical Reading
- Author: You can discern information from the author or the author bio.
- Place of Publication: may reveal subject, style, and approach.
- Title: May give an idea about the text.
- Context: Consider the situational conditions the text was produced.
- Context of production
- Content of consumption
- Skimming: Pay close attention to headings and subheadings. Look for the Thesis.
- Thesis: The main point or major claim
The First and Last Rule
Authors place main points of emphasis at the beginning and ending of essays, paragraphs, and sentences.
Reading with a Careful Eye
Underline, highlight, or annotate the text. Read for the main points, or important points. Do not highlight everything.
Read with a purpose. Read to understand, question, and analyze the text.
“This; Therefore, That”
To arrive at a coherent thought or series of thoughts that will lead to a reasonable conclusion. Follow the text you are readings thoughts as well as your own before reaching a conclusion.
Define Terms and Concepts
Read carefully to how the terms and concepts are used in the argument. Define words and concepts.
Summarizing and Paraphrase
Summary: Say briefly what the whole adds up to.
Paraphrase: a word-by-word or phrase-by-phrase rewording of a text. A translation of the author’s language into your own.
Why summary and paraphrase?
- validate the basis of your argument.
- clarify the complex ideas contained in a text.
- support your argument
- lend authority to your voice
- help you build new ideas from existing ideas on the topic.
Paraphrase, Patchwriting, and Plagiarism
Quoting: Copy word for word
Paraphrase: reword a point or idea.
Summarize: the main idea of a text.
Patchwriting: produce a medley of borrowed words and original words.
Plagiarism: Submitting the work of others intentionally or unintentionally as your own.
To avoid plagiarism, carefully track your notes, paraphrases, and summaries.
Strategies for Summarizing
Summarize paragraphs so you can follow the threads of the argument.
A summary can be a sentence, a paragraph, or a page long. Depends on how much room you have and how much you need to include.
Summary does not include your own thoughts.
Summaries can be for reading comprehension, but in essay writing the point is to assist your own argument.
Remember when writing a summary you are putting yourself into the author’s shoes.
A longer summary that you intent to integrate into your own argument, and with your own ideas interjected.
- Introduce the summary.
- Explain the major point the source makes.
- Exemplify by offering one or more representative examples.
- Problematize by placing your assessment, analysis, and questions in the summary.
- Extend by tying the summary to your argument.
An annotated bib is a works cited or references page with additional information added to each citation. You begin with the correct reference citation for your sources. For this assignment we will have at least five sources.
Here is a good explanation of citations in MLA.
Here is the format:
Author(s). “Article Title.” Source, vol. #, no. #, season year, pp. xx-xx. Database, URL.
Kong, Les. “Business Sources for Education Majors.” Education Graduate Students Journal, vol. 75, no. 4, 2014, pp. 12-19. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/52506788.
To each entry you will add the annotation, the paragraph or two that explains the source, why you are using it, and its reliability.
Each professor you will have in the future may have specific guidelines for what to include in an annotated bibliographic entry. Always follow their instructions.
For this assignment, you should include:
- Summary of Source, 2-4 sentences
- How you are using it in your report, 1-3 sentences
- Reliability of source, 1-3 sentences
In total, you should have a short paragraph, 4-10 sentences, explaining the three points above.
Krikorian, Mark. “Two Immigration Priorities.”National Review, Dec, 2016, pp. 18-20, SIRS Issues Researcher, www.sks.sirs.com.
This article goes into detail on some of the other less talked about factors of the changes in how we deal with illegal immigrants under our new president and his policies. The author is the director of the Center for Immigration Studies so I assume he is a credible expert in immigration. I will use this source to get more specific in my critique of the border wall proposal.
Krikorian, Mark. “Two Immigration Priorities.”National Review, Dec, 2016, pp. 18-20, SIRS Issues Researcher, www.sks.sirs.com. This article goes into detail on some of the other less talked about factors of the changes in how we deal with illegal immigrants under our new president and his policies. The author is the director of the Center for Immigration Studies so I assume he is a credible expert in immigration. I will use this source to get more specific in my critique of the border wall proposal.
Intro to Research
Scholarly research is research that is published by people with specialized knowledge on what they are researching. It is peer reviewed, reviewed by other researchers and specialist in the field, and is generally trustworthy. Blogs, Newspapers, Magazines are not Scholarly but are popular sources.
ProCon.org No subscription needed. Good place to look at the main issues around a topic.
Occupational Outlook Handbook The OOH can help you find career information on duties, education and training, pay, and outlook for hundreds of occupations.
Google Scholar Google academic database search. Great place to start.
You can use the college library to find scholarly/academic research journals that publish articles, reviews, and research. Here is the Chaffey Library’s article research help page. It includes a video and how to find articles.
What problem are you writing about? Do not assume that the problem is real! Question your assumptions and find proof from a reliable source.
What do you need to research? What keywords would help you?
What do you know about the topic?
- Read Chapter 3, Critical Reading: Getting Deeper into Arguments
- Read Chapter 7, Using Sources
- DUE Annotated Bib 1
- DUE Rough Draft 1