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Being a student means having a pure and simple lifestyle, however in china education system like the two sides of a coin, a student good time is not absolutely free because of standard examinations, such as GaoKao, SAT.

Chinese students are quite famous for dealing with the standardized test, especially the famous Chinese National College Entrance Examination (the gaokao system). It is an academic examination held annually in the People’s Republic of China, except for Hong Kong, Macau, which have their own education systems. This exam is a prerequisite for entrance into almost all higher education institutions at the undergraduate level. It is usually taken by the students in their last year of senior high school, although there has been no age restriction since 2001. The exam lasts about nine hours over a period of two days, depending on the province. Chinese literature, Mathematics, and English (in most provinces) are required for all students. Additionally, students have to choose between two streams, social-science-oriented area and natural-science-oriented area. According to Department of China, in 2015, 9420,000 students took the national entrance exam and 27,600 (0.28%) were exempted due to exceptional or special talent. Although I never have the chance to take the test, I still remember the first time my teacher mentioned the Gaokao. Used as a distant incentive for working hard, the word kept cropping in school.

Alec Ash points out In China the top university can select as few as in 50,000students. Competition is intense for white-collar jobs, with a graduate unemployment rate of about 16%, and which college a student goes to has an immediate impact on career and even marriage prospects. (Facebook.com)

It is the only ticket to universities: your three digital scores in gaokao. The study suggests that lack of both institutional autonomy and accountability in Chinese universities has contributed to the impasse because government has to heavily rely on the gaokao to ensure equality when Chinese higher institutions do not operate independently. “Conversely, if Chinese universities need to be empowered to conduct a holistic review they have to become independent and autonomous entities that view admissions or quality of their enrollment as vital for survival and prosperity to eliminate external interference and internal corruption.” (Zhuran)

On the other hand, the application system in United State is much more complex. According to my research, it mainly involves several elements besides SAT (the standard test): reference letters from teachers or councilors, extracurricular activities, personal statement and interview.

In 2016, the SAT test changed again.According to Don Jacob, executive director of public affairs for the College Board, the new test is less coachable than it has been in the past. In an interview with the AmNews, he said: “Our hope is that the SAT, by requiring a written essay and by upgrading the math, will help influence curricula at high schools. We know that in the area of math, about 77 percent of all the college-bound seniors in the United States take math through the third year of high school, specifically algebra. The new test reflects that, and we think it should be applicable to all high schools. So it is a contribution to influencing education, and if we can encourage schools to do more to better prepare students, the exam has proven its useful function.” (Talise)

“America’s college gatekeeper is changing dramatically. Get ready for advanced algebra, an essay–and, yes, the return of grammar. An exclusive look at the new exam and how it may hurt some students’ scores. Three hours of misery are apparently not enough. Now the makers of the SAT want to shape what kids learn throughout four years of high school. True, students have always had to brush up on vocabulary and take practice tests before the SAT, but now the College Entrance Examination Board, which owns the test, is developing the “New SAT,” an exhaustive revision largely intended to mold the U.S. secondary-school system to its liking.”

Firstly, I have to narrow down the topic, which is a long process. I have to figure out what I want to explore. Obviously, educational filed is a similar topic to me, therefore I decide to search for some information from my friends. (Some of them are still in Chinese, and they just took the TOEFL and SAT tests, which a suffering and challenging task. But according to them, to my supervise, they are so relieved that they do not have to take gaokao ( the national college entrance test in China). I am so intrigued about this topic.

In terms of methodology, I prefer see the facts first. Therefore, I Google the keywords, gaokao, SAT, and college application for my data collection. Then many materials came up: documentaries, papers, reports, articles, short online video and clips, advertisements, cartoons, government document, historical documents, work of art, publish dissertation, conference, personal interview…then I interviewed my old friends in China and friends in States, and compared their narration while analysis the data that collected in those studies conducted in official reports.

Research is an organized systematic way of finding answers to questions. In order to get the most accurate result, a set of procedures and steps, which I have to follow. So I research for method before I begin.

  1. Identifying the problem
  2. Setting research objectives
  3. Reviewing information
  4. Designing the study
  5. Collecting data
  6. Analyzing data
  7. Drawing conclusion(QuiFang)

Although it is not a complicated science, it is still a challenge for me to write a short essay. It takes time and patience to find the topic that we are interested, and it more time to collect date. There are billions of links from Internet, which part of information is useful for your research? Which of them are supportive, and which of them are counter point? Behind this massive information, I need logic to help me think directly relative to my research topic without any digression. (I find a rough outline is helpful, especially when I see the documentary. Take notes while go through the relative clips. Neil Armstrong said: “Research is creating new knowledge.

“Research refers to a systematic and objective investigation of a subject or a problem with the objective of finding an answer or solution. Research methodology refers to the methods by which the research is being carried out. It’s the research design which governs all decisions from identifying relevant sample, data to be collected, data collection and analysis techniques. More concretely, research methodology can be referred as the skeleton of the research. It is the research method, which makes the finding of a research relevant, valid and universally acceptable. Research methodology provides a rationale for the method of enquiry, which in turn makes the outcome of the research scientific.”(Armstrong)

Indeed, research is creating new knowledge. The most crucial element for research, I believe, is the positive attitude. Get the right question, and then ask how to find solutions, or at least figure out what the authentic reasons cause the question, which is the value of researches.

 

Work Cited

You, Zhuran and Yingzi Hu. “Walking a Policy Tightrope: The Dilemma of Balancing Diversification and Equality in Chinese College Entrance Examination Reform.” Higher Education Policy, vol. 26, no. 3, Sept. 2013, pp. 309-324. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1057/hep.2013.3.

 Moorer, Talise D. “Major Changes for SAT College Exam.” New York AmsterdamNews,vol.93,no.27,04July2002,p.26.EBSCOhost,chaffey.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=6943495&site=ehost-live.

 Berryman, Anne, et al. “INSIDE the NEW SAT. (Cover Story).” Time, vol. 162, no.17,27Oct.2003,pp.48-56.EBSCOhost,chaffey.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=11122202&site=ehost-live.

Wen qiu fang. Applied Linguistics Research Methods and Thesis writing, Beijing, 2001

Neil Armstrong. Research Methodology  “Research is creating new knowledge” 2015

Annotated Bibliography

 You, Zhuran and Yingzi Hu. “Walking a Policy Tightrope: The Dilemma of Balancing Diversification and Equality in Chinese College Entrance Examination Reform.” Higher Education Policy, vol. 26, no. 3, Sept. 2013, pp. 309-324. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1057/hep.2013.3.

The source will just be showing that how GaoKao is very standard Test for Chinese enroll into University.

Moorer, Talise D. “Major Changes for SAT College Exam.” New York AmsterdamNews,vol.93,no.27,04July2002,p.26.EBSCOhost,chaffey.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=6943495&site=ehost-live.

This resource meanly will be just showing some data, and how others think about the Test, will be useful for students.

Wen qiu fang. Applied Linguistics Research Methods and Thesis writing, Beijing, 2001

list for more efficiency way to study

 Neil Armstrong. Research Methodology  “Research is creating new knowledge” 2015

Explain how research can help students.