For quite some time, people have debated if electric cars would take over traditional vehicles that use oil. It’s evident that electric cars are less maintenance than your typical motor. However, this topic was intriguing because I’ve always had a strong interest in cars. They’ve intrigued me since I was 2 years old and observing how cars change over the years is astounding to me. In 2014, I saw the Tesla Model S in person for the very first time at the LA AUTO SHOW. I was mesmerized at its design, the interior and massive touch screen in the middle. It had a futuristic look that the gas-powered vehicles could not compete with. Knowing this, some companies such as Toyota, Honda, BMW, Mercedes, etc. decided to include electric cars into their own brands to compete with the Tesla’s exhilarating look. Growing up and remembering the concepts cars that are out now were electric cars, however, I was unaware of that back then. In addition, there is something about electric cars that attract peoples’ attention that’s more than just the exterior/interior design because you could buy quality of that nature with any luxury vehicle.

If electric cars are the primary focus of how humans shall commute then oil won’t even be necessary and will eventually be bankrupt from losing to much business to electric cars. In the future, we might see electric stations instead of gas stations. The problems with electric vehicles is that their traveling distance range on average is 100 miles on a full charge which isn’t much at all. In addition, when it comes to power, electric cars lack very much so in comparison to gas powered vehicles. Next, electric cars are very expensive and if one of the overloaded batteries go out then maintenance costs could be quite pricy. Lastly, I know that many people may be unfamiliar to this but electric cars are very heavy because of the batteries. Just one battery could weigh up to half a ton which puts a lot of pressure to them and they could go out faster.

In addition, I’ve always wondered what makes an electric car more efficient than a gas-powered vehicle, how did people develop the process of electric cars, if they could replace the traditional gas-powered vehicles and if its benefitting our climate. I want to focus on the purpose and the future of electric cars and compare & contrast electric cars to traditional cars. 

Moving on, the research process of finding what I was looking for came to be a simple process. For instance, my first question was what makes an electric car more efficient than a gas-powered vehicle. In the Chaffey library, I did some research and found some interesting facts on why electric cars are more efficient. In the article, “Gearing up for electric vehicle,” Daniel Sperling explains; “The most compelling feature of electric-drive vehicles is that they emit no pollutants when driven. As a result, EVs can provide significant air quality benefits in almost all circumstances. The benefits are greatest in regions where air pollution remains severe and where most of the electricity comes from clean sources – tightly controlled natural gas plants or zero-emitting hydroelectric and nuclear plants rather than coal-fired power plants. “All gas-powered vehicles emit gaseous pollution into the air which damages the air quality of the environment. This article was written in 1994 but they already had an idea of creating a vehicle that would benefit the environment. Coal-fired power plants is what gets the motor started and going but scientists recommend to eliminate this feature in cars completely and use nuclear plants that do not emit anything to the air. Overall, this is what makes an electric vehicle more efficient than a gas-powered vehicle.

Furthermore, the second question asked how did people develop the process of creating electric vehicles. In a way to solve the air pollution problem, they created the idea of vehicles could fix the issue because of the amount of people who drive daily. The article by Daniel Sperling, also explains; “The US government has a crucial role in promoting the use of electric vehicles (EVs) to solve the growing air pollution problem. The EV’s electric drive is the ideal alternative to an internal combustion engine because it neither causes air pollution nor global warming. EVs also do not use petroleum, thereby reducing the country’s need to import the fuel source. The shift toward EVs will be successful if experiments on a diversity of technologies are extensively carried out.” They were aware enough to know that to have more EVs on the street, many technology companies would have to diligently work together as a team on developing the alternative vehicle. This was going to be a process for them in 1994 but eventually the idea came to life and now the movement of EVs is spreading across the country. The Government did not want to discuss about it too much because EVs could put oil companies out of business and we’ve been using oil for a century now and the reliance on oil is tremendous.

My third question was if EVs could replace the gas-powered vehicles. According to the article, hybrids and electric cars will replace gas-powered vehicles, however, they have a long journey before that happens EVs aren’t ready just yet. Jason Perlow, technology editor at ZDNet explains; “Electric cars are not yet ready to replace gasoline-powered vehicles in the American marketplace. In fact, sales of electric vehicles (EVs) for most automakers have been poor. One key reason is that the range of EVs is relatively short and thus useful only for local driving. Also, people who support EVs as a means of reducing fossil fuel dependence should remember that, in many cases, fossil fuels generate the electricity that charges EVs.” For instance, Tesla is a flourishing car company that only produce EVs, however they cannot compete with many car companies that have been around for quite some time such as, ford, Chevy, dodge, BMW, Toyota, Honda, etc. Their sales simply do not match with any of these companies and more. The cost of buying a EV is too expensive for the middle class to afford, therefore, people purchase vehicles that are affordable and not 100k. It’s not about if people would drive them or not, it’s about if EVs were more affordable like the companies listed above. Electric vehicles aren’t built for long distance driving like a gas-powered car is.

Lastly, my question is if electric vehicles are benefitting the climate and in what way. Many may say that EVs are climate saviors, some may say they aren’t but in the article, it explains why they are saviors to the climate. Jack Barkenbus gives valid reasons to why they’ll be the answer to our pollution problem, however that depends on the electrical grid of your location because some places may need it more than others. In addition, Jack who is a scientist and author explains; “its potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that emanate from petroleum-driven vehicles. Projections of the growth of EV use over the next 25 years vary widely, due largely to uncertainties about the development of batteries to propel the electrical systems. If new batteries can be produced that have significantly more energy density and at lower costs, the future of electric vehicles is bright.” This is key because what he is insinuating is that if EVs were to reduce the costs and included more energy density into the vehicle, this will put EVs on the map and take over gas-powered vehicles. Every time someone drives their petroleum-driven vehicle, there’s just about a quarter of greenhouse gas that emits into the pollution of the air, whereas electrical vehicles would make the environment much cleaner than it is currently. What I enjoyed about the research process was that it was informative and detailed about my topic. What I didn’t like about it was that it was time consuming and did not display enough statistics to exemplify to my audience on how the number of EVs are flourishing in the country and also exhibiting the projection of cars in the future.

Initially, I wasn’t too fond of the concept of EVs because they wouldn’t reach a gas-powered vehicle on its performance or just how the car drives, however, after doing some research, it would be vital and indispensable for everyone to drive an EV if they can afford it because it will improve our environments’ air quality and reduce gas emissions emitting to the atmosphere. EVs such as the Tesla S or BMWi8 still contain their exhilarating sporty look to them, therefore you wouldn’t have to worry about buying a car you don’t desire if you have an interest in cars such as myself. This is why car companies are including the electric side to things because they need to compete with other competitors to stay on top of the market. The most convincing article was about if electrical cars would replace traditional cars. It was intriguing information because we’ve relied on oil for years and now we’re trying to fix the air pollution problem in our country.

 

Annotated Bibliography

Perlow, Jason. “Electrical Cars Are Not Yet Ready to Replace Traditional Cars.” Hybrid and Electric Cars, Electric Cars and Plug-in Hybrids Are a Fail,” ZDNet, 27 May 2013, ic.galegroup.com.chaffey.idm.oclc.org/ic/ovic/ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?disableHighlighting=false&displayGroupName=Viewpoints&currPage=&scanId=&query=&docIndex=&source=&prodId=OVIC&search_within_results=&p=OVIC&mode=view&catId=&u=ranc95197&limiter=&display-query=&displayGroups=&contentModules=&action=e&sortBy=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ3010920203&windowstate=normal&activityType=BasicSearch&failOverType=&commentary=. “I learned that electric cars will be much more efficient for the environment, however, it will take some time for electric cars to take over the market. They’re not ready just yet to be in full production for most americans because it isn’t that affordable for the middle class. 

Barkenbus, Jack. “Electric vehicles: climate saviors, or not?” Issues in Science and Technology, vol. 33, no. 2, 2017, p. 55+. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A478823114/OVIC?u=ranc95197&xid=9a135666. Accessed 31 Oct. 2017. Gas-powered vehicles emit a lot of gas into air pollution which causes the air to be quite dirty. EVs are clean aired vehicles.  They’re definitely climate saviors for the enviornemnts. 

Sperling, Daniel. “Gearing up for electric cars.” Issues in Science and Technology, vol. 11, no.2,1994, p.33+.OpposingViewpointsinContext, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A16617612/OVIC?u=ranc95197&xid=e7f1c39. Accessed 31 Oct. 2017. A couple decades ago, they came up with the concept of electric cars because this could solve many of the air pollution issues. They are aware that it will take some time for half a ton batteries inside of a car. Many cars rely on oil, but it is damaging our environment.