Katherine Macedo

Professor Ramos

English 1B

21 September 2018

Salvador’s in Danger of Deportation

            Immigration is an issue in today’s world as many Americans do not want immigrants in the United States, yet many who migrated to the U.S. come legally through sponsors or by a program. Now imagine you have lived in the United States for your whole life not knowing about the country you came from; you are here under a program that is supposed to protect you from being deported back to a dreadful country. In this case many Salvador’s can be placed under the temporary protected status (TPS) program; TPS is a program for countries that suffer from natural disasters or from armed conflicts. The Secretary of Homeland Security announced the termination of the Temporary Protected Status designation for El Salvador on September 09, 2019 which will affect 260,000 Salvadorans living in the United States. The TPS program will be terminated for Salvadorans as thousands of people will be deported back to a poverty life style.

            Salvadorans had the chance to come to the U.S. in 2001 when a massive earthquake hit El Salvador as it destroyed many homes and cities, though they have built new homes it is still not a safe place to live due to the gang members of MS13. As the U.S. elected President Trump many laws have change or been discontinued. T.P.S has been announced to be terminated for ten different poverty countries, which are El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nepal, Nicaragua, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen. TPS holders live in very state; there is a total 436,866 individuals, and here in California there are 80,636 individuals whom are under the TPS. According to a 2017 article by Jill H. Wilson on the Fas website titled Temporary Protected Status: Overview and Current Issues, “Shows data on TPS holders just as seen on figure. The data chart reflects on the individuals with TPS as of October 12, 2017 all over the States”.

Figure 1: Individuals with Temporary Protected Status by State of Residence

State                 Individuals with TPS                    State                 Individuals with TPS

Alabama                    923                                          Nevada               4,427

Alaska                      120                                          New Hampshire 376

Arizona                    1,712                                       New Jersey          19,729

Arkansas                  3,693                                        New Mexico      422

California                80,636                                       New York         53,412

Colorado                  3,075                                         North Carolina 15,364

Connecticut             2,985                                         North Dakota    115

Delaware                 777                                              Ohio               2,207

District of Columbia   3,470                            Oklahoma      1,052

Florida                   60,969                                           Oregon         969

Georgia                  12,046                                           Pennsylvania      3,228

Hawaii                    98                                                   Rhode Island      946

Idaho                     225                                                   South Carolina   1,631

Illinois                  4,073                                                 South Dakota    272

Indiana                 2,644                                                Tennessee           3,136

Iowa                     1,573                                                          Texas         55,514

Kansas                  1,404                                                         Utah           1,455

Kentucky              983                                                             Vermont     55

Louisiana              2,331                                                           Virginia     29,806

Maine                   207                                                               Washington      2,367

Maryland            27,818                                                          West Virginia    264

Massachusetts     18,180                                                   Wisconsin         702

Michigan             1,770                                                          Wyoming           73

Minnesota           2,854                                                           U.S. Virgin Islands    718

Mississippi         470                                                               Puerto Rico                         92

Missouri              1,554                                                             Northern Mariana Islands         55

Montana             35                                                                  Other                     45

Nebraska           1,809                                                             Total 436,866

            El Salvador’s population has decreased as third of its people are here in the United States as El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America. Currently, 60.3 percent of citizens live in urban areas, which results in greater poverty for the remaining people outside of cities. Only 59 percent of residents in El Salvador have access to safe drinking water, as Lempa River is the main potable water source yet it’s contaminated with high levels of mercury. According to a 2017 article by the Fair Labor Association on the fair labor website titled Legal Minimum wage increase in El Salvador it states, “While the new legal minimum wage for apparel sector workers represents a significant increase – from $210.90 to $295.20 – statistics from the Dirección General.

Our president has been saying America needs a wall to divide Americans from the violence in a different country, yet violence is also here in America were Americans live. As El Salvador is known for the MS13 being an issue, yet many do not know that this gang originally started in Los Angeles, California. Around 81.2 murders per 100,000 people in 2016, El Salvador is the deadliest place in the world that is not a war zone. A 2016 article Security Assistance Monitor website titled El Salvador’s Violence: No Easy Way Out stated “El Salvador closed out 2015 with 6,657 murders, replacing Honduras as the murder capital of the world. Boys aged between eight and twelve are recruited as lookouts and patrol street corners, the eyes of MS13 and 18th Street gang members. In El Salvador women and girls from America are seen as beautiful women with more to offer, but these women are first to be trace and being killed. As El Salvador is not safe with the gang MS13, that is just worry as human smuggling and human trafficking is another issue in El Salvador. In an article on the unodc website titled Trafficking of women and girls within Central America, it shows figure 2 of a pie chart to show how human trafficking of people have taken place.

el picture 1

Why would we let Salvadorans go back to their country after MS13 has power over everything and everyone? Families getting off the TPS program will be sent back to live in poverty and fearing for life as a gang member can just rip a family apart by death or taking for trafficking and smuggling. We do not need to send all these families, parents, or children back as many do get sent back alone to a country they do not know and they become homeless. These people did not come legally we can help them. Many do come sponsored, many companies help migrates as have a life living wealthy and here without being deported. New laws can be passed for the immigrants whom were here without being convicted of a felony with new visas. The companies whom sponsor the migrants should have a right to help their employees and the families. Even people in school have to face a frightful change with not only TPS being terminated but also DACA being discontinued to help all the students.

Worked cited

  • Kirstjen M. Nielsen. (2018 July 19) Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen M. Nielsen Announcement on Temporary Protected Status for El Salvador

https://www.dhs.gov/news/2018/01/08/secretary-homeland-security-kirstjen-m-nielsen-announcement-temporary-protected

https://securityassistance.org/blog/el-salvador%E2%80%99s-violence-no-easy-way-out?gclid=CjwKCAiA8vPUBRAyEiwA8F1oDDvC94U57fOOmgG_or3Iz9Al46gKgVgfOFzZRG_Act3Ke3X5GJ_XGhoCgfcQAvD_BwE

Annotated Bibliography

  • Kirstjen M. Nielsen. (2018 July 19) Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen M. Nielsen Announcement on Temporary Protected Status for El Salvador

This article is about the information given to individuals whom are in the program to beware of the changes and what is going to happen. Explains why Salvador’s were able to be in the U.S and how it no longer they fit for the program.

  • Temporary Protected Status.” (2018 July 19) 23.11 Cuban Adjustment Act Cases. | USCIS,

This website has addition information on TPS on what countries will be affected. Also important dates on when it will be terminated or information. Also how someone has eligibility requirements and what to file.

  • Committee on the Judiciary (2000) “Designations of Temporary Protected Status and Fraud in Prior Amnesty Programs : Hearing before the Subcommittee on Immigration and Claims of the Committee

Even though many TPS was a difficult program to get into because of fraud. Many were not in danger they just wanted to be in America, they had to get checked and finger prints. If you did fraud you were declined and sent back to your country.

  • Jill H. Wilson (2018 January 17) Temporary Protected Status: Overview and Current Issues

TPS was only for six to eight months but was expanded due to poverty and crimes in countries. TPS has about 437,000 people from ten different countries. It tells how countries were allowed in this program. Like Haiti is under this program because of the earthquake that happened in 2010.

  • Sarah Kinosian Angelika Albaladejo Lisa Haugaard (2016 February 10) El Salvador’s Violence: No Easy Way Out

This is explaining how crime is rising in El Salvador with homicides, trafficking, and different crimes. El Salvador has replaced Honduras as the murder capital of the world. About 100,000 homicides were from December 2011 to January 2016.