Traffic congestion is one of the main transportation problems that almost every driver faces in their daily life. Problems with traffic congestion has raised very rapidly in the united states .As the population of the United States increase more and more, the number of vehicles on road has also increased. The number of people with a driver’s license in the United States grew from 167 million in 1990 to approximately 222 million in 2016.
Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, Atlanta, and Miami have the worst traffic areas around the world. The drivers in and around the City of Los Angeles spent 102 hours battling 2017 traffic congestion during peak hours. INRIX’s 11th annual report said based on the overall findings, the U.S. ranked as the most traffic-congested developed nation in the world, with American drivers spending an average of 41 hours a year battling traffic during peak travel times of 6 a.m. to 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. to 6 p.m. that’s according to the latest study by INRIX, “a global leader for transportation analytics.” So traffic Congestion costs the people’s time, fuel, pollution, health, and money, not to mention frustration and occasionally murderous road rage that’s happens and it will cause accidents to happens due to all these situations that drivers faces.
The traffic cause a lot of pollutions and hazards to the environment because it has poisonous released into the atmosphere and this will affects people health a lot due to the harmful gases that are being emissions to us, so we need to have methods to regulate the traffic policy in order to reduce the danger on the people healths and the environment we live in.
One of the solutions to be discussed for reducing the traffic is carpool Lane. The state’s policy makers have embraced high-occupancy vehicle, or HOV as a way to reduce traffic. On average, people who carpool during rush hour have experienced traffic moving at less than 45 miles per hour at least 50 percent of the time, up from about 45 percent five years ago, according to Caltrans. So Carpool lanes may speed up the traffic by allowing specific cars to use this part of the road, but what’s happening is that these lanes are being used for additional purposes at the same time like bus services or optional pay services so this is not really very helpful. In my opinion I would say that if the government changed the rule of using carpools which means for example by allowing the carpool limit should be more than three people will be more useful because this will reduce the number of cars that are being used on the road which will result in less traffic around.
Toll roads: toll road is a public or private road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage. It is a form of road pricing typically implemented to help recoup the cost of road construction and maintenance. So government will charge you money to enter this road if you want to avoid traffic in peak hours, if the government can do more toll roads and make the cost of money you need to pay for using them less I believe people will use these lanes a lot than before.
Public transportation: one of the main solutions for reducing traffic is the public transportation. There is no doubt that public transportation is a way of reducing traffic in USA by reducing the number of cars used since the bus can carry a large number of people inside it . Better public transportation in our community means less congestion on the roads because buses will be an effective way of transportation and these services should have improvement, for example, you can buy tickets before boarding and do online payment by specific buses app that are free to download. Another thing is improve the riding quality by making it more comfortable with bigger seats and free Wi-Fi availability to do your work or anything on either your phone or laptop, so this will make you enjoy the ride and will reduce the using of personal cars on the road.
Rationing: this is a great way to reduce the number of car used in a day. Basically there are seven days a week so if your license plate ends in odd number you can use your car specific days like Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday, and if it’s end in even number, you can travel the other days which is Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. This way each week will have half of the car used than before and will reduce the traffic in very effective way.
Better parking management: forbidding on street parking and have more private parking inside the buildings will reduce the number of cars parked on the street that are taking the road space, so there will be more space available to the other cars on the road.
Increase at home jobs: letting people start working from home or other location will help a lot for reducing traffic congestion, now days almost everyone have access to computer and internet, so by encouraging people to work from home and giving them all the advanced technology preparation this will free up routes specially in rush hours which is early morning when people go to work or evening when they are done with work and going back home which is the busiest hours a day.
So after all I believe if we start doing some of these solutions the expecting results will be that the traffic around will be way less than before by reducing the number of vehicles on the road and people will not feel frustrated while driving because of the crowd , instead they will be more comfortable in daily life, so if we obey these strategies this will help the all the people and also it will help the environment mostly by reducing the amount if harmful gases and have a better fresh air around.
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Smith, Joshua Emerson. “Carpool Lanes Help – but Just How Much Is up for Debate.” Sandiegouniontribune.com, 13 Feb. 2017, http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/environment/sd-me-carwars-carpool-20170210-story.html.
Winship, Tim. “The 10 US Cities with the Worst Traffic.” Business Insider, Business Insider, 11 Feb. 2018, http://www.businessinsider.com/the-10-us-cities-with-the-worst-traffic-2018-2.
Leigh, Edward. “Reducing Traffic Congestion and Pollution in Urban Areas.” Smarter Cambridge Transport, 12 Dec. 2016, http://www.smartertransport.uk/smarter-cambridge-transport-urban-congestion-enquiry/.
Downs, Anthony. “Traffic: Why It’s Getting Worse, What Government Can Do.” Brookings, Brookings, Jan. 2004, http://www.brookings.edu/research/traffic-why-its-getting-worse-what-government-can-do/.