Malala Yousafzai Nobel Peace Prize Speech
As Americans, there are many who take for granted the opportunity of education, there are millions of children from around the world, whose only wish is their freedom of education. Malala Yousafzai was one of the many children from around the world who wanted that advantage for education. Malala was born in Mingora, Pakistan on July 12, 1997. As a young girl, she always had a passion for education, until the Taliban took over her town and determined that no girls were allowed to go to school. In 2012, Malala was shot in the head for disobeying the rules and speaking up about her rights for education. Surviving the assassination attempt in October of 2014 she became the first youngest person to receive the Nobel peace award along with children activist Kailash Satyarthi. During her Nobel Peace Prize award ceremony were invited members such as Majesties, Royal Highnesses and distinguished members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee. While delivering her speech “The right to learning should be giving to any child”, she carried her speech with confidence and provided an expressive, clear tone of voice. She asserted the illiteracy of children around the world, having no rights or access to education as she quoted, “Education is one of the blessings of life and one of its necessity that has been my experience during the 17 years of my life” As she’s expressing and sharing her opinion, she uses Education as an appeal to emotion to make her audience perceive the blessing it is to have education and how it’s a necessity that as an individual must have to not only survive but to have the literacy to be able to read and write. She then adds using rhetorical questioning “Sometimes people like to ask me why girls should go to school, why it is important to them, but, I think the more important question is why they shouldn’t? Why shouldn’t they have the right to go to school?” She reverses the question back and uses this as logic to get the audience to stop and think about the question; purposely to make a point in why would anyone should be denied to have an education. According to Article 26 of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. If education is free why is it that millions of children from around the world are not in school and are denied from such necessity. Throughout her speech, she portrays the use of emotional language quoting “There are many countries where millions still suffer from the very old problems of war, poverty, and injustice. We still see conflicts in which innocent people lose their lives and children become orphans, many children, especially in India and Pakistan, are deprived of their right to education because of social taboos or forced marriage or child labor.” she persuades using this technique to create an emotional impact from the audience to make them trigger an emotional response to what she is saying regarding the wars that are happening around the world, affecting children’s future and education. Not only they face injustice, but also innocent people dying and children becoming orphans and children being deprived of education due to child labor even worse forced marriage.
According to the Guardian, children and young people living in conflict areas are out of school, more than half of the primary age children are stopped from accessing education, physically attacked for trying to go to school or having their school bombed, school buildings become the targets of attacks. Other factors she uses to portray emotional language is the injustice of children, especially in India and Pakistan who are deprived of their rights of education because of forced marriage or child labor. She uses logical appeal to convince her audience ’s by providing facts based on evidence and statistics that happen throughout the world. According to South Asian stories, Child marriage is often used as an instrument to perpetuate power relations and maintain gender-based control. Another reason for the practice of child marriage in Pakistani society is that it strengthens male domination and reduces alternative opportunities for girls. Girls are confined at houses which force them to leave their education and other opportunities. So child marriage perpetuates gender disparity and consequently, females remain dependents on their male partners and keep on suffering for whole life. Malala provides this powerful image to raise awareness, but also to let others know through her speech about the unequal rights children and many girls have around the world who many times get unheard, she portrays this information worldwide to let others know and be aware of this problem and those in power that it’s time that all the people unite and do something about it. The future generation is today’s children and without education, there won’t be a future. Lastly, throughout the last of her speech, she portrays Logos, as she quotes: “Why is it that countries which we call “strong” are so powerful in creating wars but so weak in bringing peace? Why is it that giving guns is so easy, but giving books is so hard? Why is it that making tanks is so easy, but building schools is so difficult? As we are living in the modern age, the 21st century and we all believe that nothing is impossible. We can reach the moon and maybe soon will land on Mars. Then, in this, the 21st century, we must be determined that our dream of quality education for all will also come true. So let us bring equality, justice, and peace for all. Not just the politicians and the world leaders, we all need to contribute. Me. You. It is our duty. So we must work … and not wait. I call upon my fellow children to stand up around the world.” Malala argues why is it that countries that are powerful and are capable of doing many things for their country find it easy to create wars, but difficult to bring peace, why is it that providing and giving guns to children it’s easy but hard to provide for education. Why it is that building schools are hard to build, but building deadly weapons are so easy to build. She then argues it’s not up to politicians and world leaders anymore it’s about everyone contributing and doing their part united as one for the future of the children.
“Article 26 of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights”. Humanrights.Com, 2008, https://www.humanrights.com/course/lesson/articles-26-30/read-article-26.html.
Tran, Mark. “War Denying Millions Of Children An Education”. The Guardian, 2013, https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/jul/12/war-denying-children-education.
Yousafzai, Malala. Malala Yousafzai Nobel Peace Prize Speech. Youtube, 2014.