There are several apocalyptic situations that society fear such as zombies roaming the earth or aliens taking over, but those are just fictional ones. What about the realistic, disastrous events of climate change that may wipe out the entirety of human existence? Climate change – a change in global or regional climate patterns due to an increase level of carbon dioxide – is a catastrophic real phenomenon occurring as we speak. This environmental transformation, backed by scientific evidence, has caused temperatures to rise, warming oceans, shrinking ice sheets, and rising sea levels, yet a majority of the public have neglected to take action. If we continue to live as is, the occurrence of catastrophic events is inevitable in the near future.  But still, most of the world remains apathetic to this alarming warning that our existence as well as the planet’s may be at risk. If a majority of public, included the government do not take the correct endeavors, the change in climate will be devastating to humanity. The article from the New York Times, “Wake Up, World Leaders. The Alarm is Deafening”, asserts that the public should take heed of the United Nations warning that if the world fails to change its ways, it risks ecological and social disaster. The editorial board uses tactics such as emotional appeal, logical appeal, ethical appeal, and analogies to portray the imperative steps that a majority of the world must urgently take in order to prevent further damage on the ecosystem.

The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recently reported that the only way to limit further damage on the planet would require a massive amount of action to be taken, requiring that a majority of the public and the government take necessary actions. Additionally, the report describes the risks of environmental changes including extreme heat worsening, the increased chance of heavy rain, the rise of economic tolls, and New Orleans under water. The article “Wake Up, World Leaders. The Alarm is Deafening” describes that the United Nations report should be a wake- up call to all Americans that there is a limited amount of time to save the world from environmental endangers and we as a society must urgently take action, even if the American government fails to. Moreover, the article argues that we must instantly unite together on the issue and change our way of living in the meager amount of ten years, which includes seeking candidates that look to reduce climate change. The editorial board from the New York Times cites the United Nations recent report as evidence that climate change is something that the American people as well as leaders should not dither on. The editorial board uses logos as they describe that emissions must be decreased on “a sharp downward path by 2030”, “greenhouse gases must be cut nearly in half”, and renewable energy sources “must increase from about 20 percent” to “as much as 67 percent” to further support the point that there is a lot that must be done environmentally. Furthermore, they state that, the report was “written by 91 scientists from 40 countries”. The logical appeal provides scientific evidence to support their point.

Climate change was evident many years ago, but we have failed to make the necessary changes in order to limit the effects. The many reasons for this include the influence of industry in politics and many other theories such as poor media coverage. Now we must pay the consequences of what will occur in the next decade or so. The world should be alarmed at the possible outcomes of what may occur in the future due to the lack of action. The article compares climate change to an analogy of an alarm in order to create fear in the audience. For instance, the description of climate change as an “deafening piercing alarm”, and the use of “the alarm is deafening” in the title all portray that the audience should fear climate change because it is occurring at this moment and if we don’t take action it may be irreversible and deadly to the planet. Furthermore, the editorial board’s use of analogy describes the U.S government apathetic to any regard of climate change, it states, “no alarm seems loud enough to penetrate the walls of the white house”. This illustrates the idea that no warning seems loud enough to be relevant to the government because their actions oppose those that limit climate change. In fact, Trump announced withdrawal from “2015 Paris agreement on climate change” and rolled back “Obama-era efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions”.

Many possible apocalyptic natural disasters may occur from climate change. “It is, I promise worse than you think. If your anxiety about global warming is dominated by fears of sea level rise, you are barely scratching the surface”, (Wallace-Wells). The article conveys emotional appeal to instill fear into the audience. In particular, the editorial board argues, “fearing that their countries might be someday be lost to rising seas” and “mass die-offs of coral reefs, widespread drought, famine and wildfires, and potentially conflict over land, food, and fresh water” creates fear in the audience as they state the alternatives to not taking action. Consequently, the audience to be motivated to take action, fearful of what will happen if they don’t. The editorial board displays a photo of a raging forest fire of some sort. The image of the fire in the article instills fear into the audience because it portrays an image of what our future may look like if we fail to change our ways. fire

While the unfortunate lethal effects of climate change are irreversible there are various ways the atmospheric conditions can be saved. Mainly it is not more about what we can do as individuals, but rather more of what must be done as a society, “the emissions we need to focus on now are the ones at the industrial, corporate level, not at the individual level” (Barclay). Therefore, it is important to vote in government officials that care about the ecosystem so they can impose laws which will help the ecosystem and fund government projects that search for possible solutions to help climate change. Additionally, the article asserts that a significant landslide amount of change is necessary in order to limit global warming. Some of the things which include individuals taking actions, the government taking action, and the efforts of private investments. The writers use ethical appeal, such as when they use the pronoun “we” throughout the essay. For instance, “we’ve got a decade or so to get climate change under control” this allows the audience to be trustworthy of the editorial board. Furthermore, it unites the audience and the editorial board as one and creates a call to action that is used to motivate the audience. The editorial board’s intended audience is anyone that reads the New York Times because it implies to a majority of the public, as it states, “the public should get more actively engaged instead of tossing the problem to the next generation and those that follow”. This implies that the older generations should take action instead of leaving the younger generations to deal with the consequences.

In essence, the editorial board argues that if we come together it is possible to overcome climate change, “We show it can be done within laws of physics and chemistry. Then the final tick box is political will. We cannot answer that. Only our audience can — and that is the governments that receive it.” The article asserts that essentially the world, should pay attention to the global warning that the United Nations reported, something so frightening that government leaders must not ignore and more importantly something society must not ignore. This is the crucial warning to save the planet before our time is up, the article implies.

 

Annotated Bib

1.“Climate Change Evidence: How Do We Know?” NASA, NASA, 21 Sept. 2018, https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/

 

The source states the consequences and evidence of climate change. This includes the rise of temperatures around the world, warming oceans, shrinking ice sheets, glacial retreat, decreased snow cover, sea level rise, declining arctic sea ice, extreme events, and ocean acidification. I will use this in my essay to describe the consequences and evidence of climate change currently. The source is very reliable because it is from the NASA website, which is very trustworthy.

 

 

2.Wallace-Wells David . “When Will the Planet Be Too Hot for Humans? Much, Much Sooner Than You Imagine.” Intelligencer, 10 July 2017 http://nymag.com/intelligencer/2017/07/climate-change-earth-too-hot-for-humans.html?gtm=bottom&gtm=top

 

The article argues the many possible apocalyptic natural disasters caused from global warming. It further discusses that the world should be very alarmed because it is more frightening than imagined. I will use this article in my essay to provide evidence of the deadly apocalyptic natural disasters that will arise from climate change. The source is very accurate as it is from a new York magazine.

 

3.Barclay, Eliza, and Umair Irfan. “10 Ways to Accelerate Progress against Climate Change.” Vox, Vox, 10 Oct. 2018, https://www.vox.com/2018/10/10/17952334/climate-change-global-warming-un-ipcc-report-solutions-carbon-tax-electric-vehicles

 

The article informs the various ways in which climate change can be reduced. Mainly it is more about what we can do as individuals, but rather more of what must be done as a society. I will use this article in my essay in order to inform those on the possible solutions to limiting climate change as of now. The source is reliable because it creates articles on newss and social media.

 

  1. Revkin, Andrew. “Climate Change First Became News 30 Years Ago. Why Haven’t We Fixed It?” National Geographic, 21 June 2018, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2018/07/embark-essay-climate-change-pollution-revkin/

 

The article argues that climate change was evident many years ago, but we have failed to make the necessary changes in order to limit the climate change. The many reasons for this include the influence of industry in politics and many other theories such as poor media coverage. I will use this in my article in order to portray how we have failed as a society to make the changes, when first learned that climate change existed, now the consequences are irreversible.

 

  1. Hafner, Josh. “Extreme Heat, Deluges and Economic Pain: What the UN Climate Report Says for North America.” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 10 Oct. 2018, https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2018/10/10/climate-change-report-what-could-happen-north-america-per-un/1587160002/

 

The article argues that the climate change report describes the risks of climate change including extreme heat worsening, the increased chance of heavy rain, the rise of economic tolls, and New Orleans under water. Furthermore, the only way to limit further damage on the planet would require a massive amount of action to be taken. I will use this source in my essay to describe what the united nations warning had informed the public on. The source is very reliable as it is a news source.