1B, 9 O’clock
19, October 2018
Climate Change Catastrophe
The world is coming to a debilitating disaster due to climate change, or so says scientist working for the United Nations. They have a discovered that we have about twelve years before global warming reaches the maximum heat limit before an ecological disaster that will not be able to be reversed. The article that will be discussed is a good look at how the author appeals to all three elements, pathos, logos and ethos in turn delivering a powerful message to the public eyes and ears to wake up and do something. In the article it discusses urgent changes that needs to be made to keep the temperatures in the world between 1.5C and 1.2C which is still possible and affordable to do within twelve years if actions are set in place. The article effectively manages to pull at an important heart string in human emotion which is fear and worry to convey the importance of such a potential catastrophic problem while also backing up its emotional appeal through its credibility and statistics that is referenced behind this problem that they present.
The article manages to grab its readers attention with a very real urgent “the world has twelve years to limit climate change catastrophe” (Watts) which would grab the attention of almost any one who sees the title as what is being referenced is something we know can affect all of us if believed to be true. It then proceeds to lead us to this downward path of emotions by showing us that it was not a title used to just grab attention only for it to be a hoax to get viewership, rather, it shows us and explains a very real problem that can happen in the world. It appeals to the human emotion of fear and worry as the very world we live in can become changed and unhealthy all because of human intervention with the environment. It is something that all of its readers can relate to because if a threat such as this is truly on the horizon then it can affect the whole population. In the article it shows examples of possibilities that would happen such as increased rates of heat related deaths, forest fires, floods, droughts, and ocean acidity level also stating “even half a degree will significantly worsen the risks of drought, floods, extreme heat and poverty for hundreds of millions of people” (Watts) The magnitude of such statements that show a potential disaster will activate the human instinct of fear and that something needs to be done. It would potentially allow people to see the urgency and that sense of impact from one individual which would eventually web out into exponentially increasing amounts of people who will want to join in on the movement.
The article and other articles like it that have been released have all been a reference to a statement said by scientist who work for the United Nations. This acknowledgement in itself is appeal to the credibility of the statement being said and the credibility of the author of the article as it references the credible source. This is an important factor in bringing attention especially to a topic of this nature, where it can potentially cause chaos over falsely claimed assumptions. Luckily and unfortunately, by showing that it was taken straight from the mouths or words of the people who made the statement, considering they are scientists, it brings a key element which is believability and credibility. If this article on some other timeline stated that this statement was from the words of someone who is not a scientist, the believability of the whole article will be in shambles as the credibility of a scientist is there because the statement that is being said is something that scientist actually research, discuss and hypothesize as possible. Some random person speaking out something that states “The world is in danger if we don’t fix it in twelve years” would be called insane for their assumptions because they just do not have the same credibility as a scientist studying the world’s carbon level and temperature increases. Appealing to credibility is one of the important factors in displays that need to be proved or tested like this one, and without it, it can completely wipe out the whole point of the argument, especially one such argument as this which is holding scientist at a very large expense of trust.
The article uses many points of reference that is stated by the scientist. In the case of measuring the rate of global warming, this includes numbers, temperatures, carbon signatures and charts. These are used to convey the proof in the support of the scientists credibility. Showing its viewers statistical data as a form of explaining the positive trend in the carbon level and temperature, it gives readers a better understanding of what they are trying to explain is about to take place and to show the significance of the trend occurring. It can be said that the sun is dying but it is not something the general population have to worry over about as it is centuries upon centuries away from dying. This is why the appeal to logic is important. It deals with logic and everything surrounding it. The article also shows numbers according to what needs to be done and the percent that carbon pollution needs to be cut as it references the United Nation scientists saying, “carbon pollution would have to be cut by 45% by 2030…and come down to zero by 2050, compared with 2075 for 2C. This would require carbon prices that are three to four times higher than for a 2C target. But the costs of doing nothing would be far higher.” (Watts) It states what needs to be done by certain years, effectively giving us more time to heal the Earth and also states that if nothing is done, the outcome would be much economically and ecologically than if something were to be done. Showing this type of data is key to making a push to its readers in this case to actually have carbon pollution lowered by the year 2030. The appeal to logic works in connection to the appeal to credibility as the person or group giving these statistically backed warnings and commands must be that of an appropriate degree in which to give these numbers and data. And by giving these important facts and referencing them, it adds to the strength of the article and what it is trying to get across; Get moving.
The article shows its strength in its content of appealing to all three important elements in rhetoric to bring attention to its readers. These elements being the appeal to emotion, credibility and logic which are all important in creating a strong statement or argument. In this case, for something as grand as a worldwide awakening to make a move and halt global warming within twelve years before it becomes a catastrophe in which it cannot be undone, it is very important to have these elements to bring in more readers that leave the article with the will to make a change in the world before it is too late.
D’Agostino, Roberta, and Piero Lionello. “Evidence of Global Warming Impact on the Evolution
of the Hadley Circulation in ECMWF Centennial Reanalyses.” Climate Dynamics, vol. 48, no. 9/10, May 2017, pp. 3047–3060. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3250-0.
This study analyzes the evolution of the Hadley Circulation during the twentieth century in ERA-20CM and ERA-20C. This helps presents the presence of large multidecadal variability across twentieth century raises doubts on the interpretation of recent behavior, such as the onset of sustained long term trends, particularly for the HC strength. This article helped me understand the outcomes suggest that data assimilation degrades the links between the HC and features influencing its dynamics. This article is an academic journal founded on the Chaffey College database.
Hsiao-Wei Liu, et al. “Changes of Tropical Precipitation and Convective Structure under Global
Warming Projected by CMIP5 Model Simulations.” Terrestrial, Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences, vol. 29, no. 4, Aug. 2018, pp. 429–440. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3319/TAO.2017.11.29.01.
This article shows the regional changes of precipitation intensity, convective structure and column water vapor in the Tropics. Which are examined using climate model simulation outputs archived in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. The article helped me understand the examining changes of convection structure further show that regions with negative precipitation anomalies must be accompanied by the weakening of convection in the entire troposphere. Further details may emerge when viewing convection and precipitation changes at local scales. This is a reliable sources founded on the Chaffey College database.
Williams, Richard G., et al. “Sensitivity of Global Warming to Carbon Emissions: Effects of
Heat and Carbon Uptake in a Suite of Earth System Models.” Journal of Climate, vol. 30, no. 23, Dec. 2017, pp. 9343–9363. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0468.1.
The article talks about the sensitivity of surface warming to carbon emissions is controlled by a temporal decrease in the dependence of radiative forcing from CO2 on carbon emissions. At the present time, there are large intermodal differences in the sensitivity in surface warming to carbon emissions, which are mainly due to uncertainties in the climate sensitivity and ocean heat uptake. This study helped me understand that these uncertainties undermine the ability to predict how much carbon may be emitted before reaching a warming target. This article is reliable because it is an academic journal.